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LibraryimgBlogimgA Note on the recent SEBI Consultation Papers for Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs)

A Note on the recent SEBI Consultation Papers for Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs)

  • February 16, 2023
  • By Vivriti Asset Management

On Feb 3, 2022, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) came up with five consultation papers proposing changes in regulatory norms for AIFs.

SEBI releases consultation papers on regulatory norms from time to time on different aspects of the capital market to seek inputs/ suggestions from all stakeholders on their proposals.

The consultation papers released by the capital market regulator reflect its continued focus and interest in developing AIFs. The recent papers suggesting the next generation of reforms for AIFs are aimed at bringing fairness and transparency to investors. Notably, Vivriti Asset Management is already much ahead in the game with respect to the below mentioned tenets in the consultation papers.

We have briefly captured our understanding of the impact if the proposals in the papers are implemented:

1. Transparency

a)Investor participation via ‘direct plan’ and payment of distributor commission on a trail basis

The recent papers seeking feedback from industry participants include a two-fold objective in the proposal

  • AIFs to offer the option of a direct plan to its investors and
  • Creating trail model for distributor commissions in AIFs.

Similar practices have already been implemented in the mutual fund industry and which has received positive feedback from both investors and the mutual fund community. Mutual funds offer both regular plans and direct plans. In the case of a regular plan, the investor invests via an intermediary and has to bear a higher expense ratio than if he would have directly invested in the schemes due to the additional fee charged by the intermediary. The direct plan entails no distribution or placement fee.

With the release of this consultation paper, it has become apparent that the regulator is seeking changes in line with the mutual fund industry to allow for more transparency in the operations of AIFs. Offering participation in AIFs through direct plans will not only attract more investors but will also help the distributors in the long term by adopting the trail model of commissions that SEBI has proposed.

In the mutual fund industry, Trail Commissions are calculated as a percentage of distributors’ assets under the management. It is generally calculated on a daily basis and paid every quarter. As these are calculated on net assets, distributors gain from the rise in their assets due to higher NAV of funds or the sale of more units. An investor doesn’t need to worry about trail commissions because these are factored into the expense ratio explicitly stated by the funds.

Vivriti Asset Management has adopted the practice of offering direct plans of its schemes with the launch of its Short-Term Bond Fund way back in 2021.

SEBI’s proposal to pay 1/3rd of the (present value of) distribution fee upfront (acknowledging the need for some reasonable incentives) and the rest 2/3rd on trail basis is expected to benefit the industry on a medium to long-term perspective. The proposal is expected to significantly reduce the chances of mis-selling AIF schemes and bring transparency to investors.

b) Conflict of interest

AIFs are allowed to deal with their associates for investing in associates, buying/selling securities to/from, availing services of them, etc. However, such related party transactions could give rise to conflicts of interest. While current regulations already have provisions to address such conflicts of interest, SEBI in the consultation paper has proposed specifically that AIFs cannot undertake such related party transactions without the approval of 75% of investors, calculated by the value of their investment in the AIF, in (a) associates; or (b) units of AIFs managed or sponsored by its Manager, Sponsor or associates of its Manager or Sponsor.

We appreciate the move since the existing industry and regulatory issues around related party transactions will be resolved. The larger point of this proposal is to ensure that investors are not left in a state of oblivion by the asset manager for any investments in bad assets of the associates. We as an asset manager are one step ahead in this regard as we take the consent of our independent board of directors for any such transactions to maintain transparency in our dealing with associates.

2. Transferability – Dematerialisation of units

SEBI noted that despite the regulation of issuance of AIF units in place, most of the AIF scheme units are not yet dematerialised and are held in physical form. Henceforth, the market regulator has proposed that dematerialisation of units of AIFs shall be made mandatory wherein all schemes of AIFs with a corpus of more than INR 500 crores shall compulsorily dematerialise their units by April 1, 2024.

Vivriti Asset Management has always advocated the need for dematerialisation of AIF units in order to create ease in transferability. In a recent note published in Economic Times, we stressed the development of a secondary market for AIF via the listing of fund units. This is essential to ensure liquidity in the AIF industry.

We are already in the process of getting approval for listing units of two of our AIF schemes. In fact, we as an asset manager have facilitated the secondary transfer of AIF units. In the investor contribution agreement, it is stated that the investor can transfer the scheme units to another party with the consent of the investment manager, who needs to know the KYC details of the transferee and the status of the same as a “Qualified Contributor”.

The marketability of any instrument is severely impacted if the instrument is maintained in a physical form. Therefore, it is a crucial step that can promote AIF products and create accessibility to the larger market. It will also enable adequate monitoring of investments in AIFs by investors as they would get higher visibility of cash flow and returns making their decision to sell or transfer units easier. The next logical step in this regard would be the listing of units because dematerialisation would enable the viewing of holding units, but investors won’t be able to trade the units in the open market unless they are listed.



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